ఫిబ్రవరి 2 1970న ,ఒంగోలు కేంద్రముగా ప్రత్యేక జిల్లా ఏర్పడింది .1970 మే 2వ తేదీన ఒంగోలు జిల్లాకు ఆంధ్రా రాష్ట్ర ప్రధమ ముఖ్యమంత్రి , స్వాతంత్రయెధుడు టంగుటూరి ప్రకాశం పేరున పెట్టారు .కర్నూలు జిల్లా నుంచి మార్కాపురం డివిజన్, గుంటూరు జిల్లా నుంచి ఒంగోలు డివిజన్, నెల్లూరు జిల్లా నుంచి కందుకూరు ఈ మూడు డివిజన్లను కలిపి ప్రకాశం జిల్లాగా ఏర్పాటు చేసారు .
Ongole is a city and a Municipal Corporation in Prakasam district in the state of Andhra Pradesh, India . Previously Prakasam District was known as 'Ongole' District, this district was renamed as Prakasam in order to pay homage to the great patriot and Andhra Leader, Tanguturi Prakasam Panthulu, also known as Andhra Kesari (Lion of Andhra) who was born in Kanuparthi village of this district
Ongole is famous for its Ongolu Gitta (Ongole breed of oxen). This is one of the major Zebu cattle breeds in the world. Ongole was originally known as Gundigapuri(Town Near to Gundlakamma rivilet), Vangalaprolu, Vangavolu and Vangolu after the surname of an astrologer in the court of an Addanki chief. It was part of Punginadu during the time of Ikshavakus, and was in the area of Karmarashtra(means work place) during the Pallava period. The City was also ruled by Krishna Deva Raya. The last dynasty to rule the Ongole region before the British was the Mandapati Dynasty(Zamindars). According to the historical inscriptions available at Sri Raja Rajeswara Swami Temple in Ongole City was Constructed by Cholas. Kaasi Visweswara Swami temple, Chenna Keswva Swami Temple and Veeranjaneya Swami temple were built in early 17th century by King Vankayalapati Mantri and Army Chief.
Agriculture, specifically family farming is the primary industry of Ongole was largely started by agricultural families within Prakasam district. Ongole is one of the major centres for tobacco trading in Andhra Pradesh. Ongole is the district headquarters of Prakasam District. Over the years it has developed into a city with good schools and colleges. Lately, the quality of education has become quite good and is comparable to that of most cities in the state. With the advent of reforms in the educational sector, private engineering and medical college have started to serve the city.
Ongole bull :
Ongole is famous for the breed of bulls in that area. Ongole bulls have gone as far as America, Holland, Malaysia, Brazil, Argentina, Columbia, Mexico, Paraguay, Indonesia, West Indies, Australia, Fiji, Mauritius, Indo-China and Philippines. The Brahmana bull in America is an off-breed of the Ongole. An Island in Malaysia where there are many Ongoles is named as Ongole Island. The population of Ongole off-breed in Brazil is said to be around several millions. During the time of Rev. Clough of Ongole, an Ongole bull named Potu Ramudu owned by Sri Potu Venkatadri Naidu was reported1 to have gone to Holland. It is said that in the WageningenAgriculturalUniversity in Holland, a commemorative plaque exists with the name and image of Potu Ramudu. The mascot of the 2002 Indian National Games was Veera, an Ongole Bull. The original breed of Ongole stud bulls are found in a small region around Ongole town between rivers Gundlakamma, and Musi. Ongole Cattle are the pride of India for they are unequivocally world class.